Most of the paintings in the gallery presents Franciscan belongs to the period of Lecce Reformation Catholic, also known as the Counter-Reformation. Founded in response to the attacks of Protestantism, the Catholic Reformation soon became a tool of internal restructuring It involves the whole ecclesiastical system: the liturgy, the catechism, the arts.
Directly connected to the movement of the Counter is the movement “baroque”, a term used initially in the negative, like degeneration of classicism, and which it has since become synonymous an art with its own structure and identifiable.
What characterizes the baroque, unlike other periods prior art, it is the intrinsic link created between the different arts: there are no more major and minor arts, but all contribute to the celebration a new religious sentiment pointing to the spiritual, and consequently art, society, creating, through standard forms, a kind of social peace lasting up modern age.
Fundamental purpose of the Catholic Reformation is to shift each construct anthropological a renewed humanism a Catholic, and that are well suited to the arts, in unison, celebrating figures the Church and the Roman Pontiffs. Architecture, painting, music combine together to create a construct the city, and then also anthropological, which draws liberally from the experience and theatrical leading the individual believer to identify themselves and to live in a space made sacred.
From here you can well understand the function that can exert painting, appointed to make imaging the theological construct that the Council of trent becomes binding for the whole Catholicism.
E ‘to consider that the award to the visual arts is not an invention of the Baroque and the Counter: always the catechetical message was conveyed in pictorial form or figurative to make visible to the simple fundamentals of the Faith. Exceeded the painting experience of iconic character of the first millennium, it will be just Italy the cradle of the great palinsensti of fresco from north to South characterize the interiors of churches.
The function of bringing Catholic education to the people It was its mendicant orders that, first, we shall release the stabilitas loci associating begging itinerant preaching. If transalpine is the movement founded by Dominic of Guzman to fit through preaching in the folds of a society imbued Cathar heresy, in Italy will be instead Franciscans to act as glue between the Roman hierarchy and the people, acting as a broker between the needs of recent and fidelity to the Magisterium.
The charisma of the mendicant orders then becomes necessary for the development of figurative Italian, which is released from the canon of Late Antiquity and It produces elements of great innovation by introducing, for example, a temporality and spatiality that were not in the iconic painting Allowed, if not in a directly connectable their function iconologic.
For Orders Beggars, creation is beautiful as reflection of the Creator, and therefore becomes event the same goodness of God. In essence, you could not understand the Giotto’s painting until you consider the Song Creatures.
So you can understand the phenomenon art of the Counter Reformation, which, based on concept just expressed in art as a tool of evangelization, it adapts to the needs currents of the seventeenth century.
The state in which they found themselves on the eve of the religious the Council of trent was dangerously affected the fashions of the moment, from the mundane in the clothes and the management of huge riches the noble families from time to time tied to individual convents,
often for the consumption of their offspring became ecclesiastical.
It includes well then, as the action of St. Pius V It was aimed at reducing drastically the situation with a uniformity that he preferred the devotion and piety. In this context, therefore, not It must appear paradoxical if uniformity has as a result the Baroque, it would seem that the denial.
Rather, it stems from the tight fit of each Single art to the experience of the place: it just does and exalts in religious and liturgical. The paintings the gallery of Fulgence, then, although produced by local painters sometimes anonymous, fit fully renovated in artistic taste, and from what we understand, the pronounced theme devozionistico paintings. In a city like Lecce, which prefer in many cases to translate into architectural element also what in other places is competence painting, the paintings preserved in Fulgenzio allow to complete the work reformist art, and provide a complete, never assume the complex phenomenon of the Reformation Catholic.